TANYA'S

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO

FELINE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

 

 

   

THE RELATED DISEASES SECTION

 

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Site Overview


What You Need to Know First


Alphabetical Index


Glossary


Research Participation Opportunities


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WHAT IS CKD?


What Happens in CKD?


Causes of CKD


How Bad is It?


Is There Any Hope?


Acute Kidney Injury


 

KEY ISSUES


Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid


Maintaining Hydration


The Importance of Phosphorus Control


All About Hypertension


All About Anaemia


All About Constipation


Potassium Imbalances


Metabolic Acidosis


Kidney Stones


 

SUPPORT


Coping with CKD


Tanya's Support Group


Success Stories


 

SYMPTOMS


Alphabetical List of Symptoms and Treatments


Fluid and Urinary  Imbalances (Dehydration, Overhydration and Urinary Issues)


Waste Product Regulation Imbalances (Vomiting, Appetite Loss, Excess Stomach Acid, Gastro-intestinal Problems, Mouth Ulcers Etc.)


Phosphorus and Calcium Imbalances


Miscellaneous Symptoms (Pain, Hiding Etc.)


 

DIAGNOSIS: WHAT DO ALL THE TEST RESULTS MEAN?


Blood Chemistry: Kidney Function, Potassium, Other Tests (ALT, Amylase, (Cholesterol, Etc.)


Calcium, Phosphorus, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism


Complete Blood Count (CBC): Red and White Blood Cells: Anaemia and Infection


Urinalysis (Urine Tests)


Other Tests: Ultrasound, Biopsy, X-rays etc.


Renomegaly (Enlarged Kidneys)


Which Tests to Have and Frequency of Testing


Factors that Affect Test Results


Normal Ranges


International and US Measuring Systems


 

TREATMENTS


Which Treatments are Essential


Fluid and Urinary Issues (Fluid Retention, Infections, Incontinence, Proteinuria)


Waste Product Regulation (Mouth Ulcers, GI Bleeding, Antioxidants, Adsorbents, Azodyl, Astro's CRF Oil)


Phosphorus, Calcium and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (Calcitriol)


Miscellaneous Treatments: Stem Cell Transplants, ACE Inhibitors - Fortekor, Steroids, Kidney Transplants)


Antibiotics and Painkillers


Holistic Treatments (Including Slippery Elm Bark)


ESAs (Aranesp, Epogen etc.) for Severe Anaemia


General Health Issues in a CKD Cat: Fleas, Arthritis, Dementia, Vaccinations


Tips on Medicating Your Cat


Obtaining Supplies Cheaply in the UK, USA and Canada


Working with Your Vet and Recordkeeping


 

DIET & NUTRITION


Nutritional Requirements of CKD Cats


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


What to Feed (and What to Avoid)


Persuading Your Cat to Eat


Food Data Tables


USA Canned Food Data


USA Dry Food Data


USA Cat Food Manufacturers


UK Canned Food Data


UK Dry Food Data


UK Cat Food Manufacturers


2007 Food Recall USA


 

FLUID THERAPY


Intravenous Fluids


Subcutaneous Fluids


Tips on Giving Subcutaneous Fluids


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Giving Set


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Syringe


Subcutaneous Fluids - Winning Your Vet's Support


Dialysis


 

RELATED DISEASES


Heart Problems


Hyperthyroidism


Diabetes


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)


Pancreatitis


Dental Problems


Anaesthesia


 

OBTAINING SUPPLIES CHEAPLY


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SAYING GOODBYE


The Final Hours


Other People's Losses


Coping with Your Loss


 

MISCELLANEOUS


Early Detection


Prevention


Research


Canine Kidney Disease


Other Illnesses (Cancer, Liver) and Behavioural Problems


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SITEOWNER (HELEN)


My Three CKD Cats: Tanya, Thomas and Ollie


My Multi Ailment Cat, Harpsie


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Home > Related Diseases

 


Overview


  • Since most CKD cats are older and all CKD cats are immune-compromised, they often are dealing with other health issues.

  • It is important to know about these so that they can also be treated if they are present.

  • It can be a bit of a balancing act, but treating any problem that is present will increase your cat's chances of survival and help him or her feel better. 

  • These diseases are divided into two types, diseases which may accompany CKD and diseases which may trigger CKD.

This section contains the following pages:

 

Conditions Which May Accompany CKD:


 


Heart Problems:                                                                                                                   Go to page

Heart Murmurs, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) and Congestive Heart Failure


Heart problems are not unusual in older cats, so you may find yourself dealing with one in addition to the CKD. This page explains the different types of heart problem, describes the various heart medications that may be used, and discusses how to balance treatment for both CKD and heart problems.

 


Hyperthyroidism                                                                                                                Go to page


Hyperthyroidism means that the thyroid is overactive. Since the thyroid controls metabolism, this means that all the body's metabolic processes are in overdrive, which can cause a number of different problems. Treating hyperthyroidism is therefore essential, but must be done cautiously because treating it may unmask existing but hidden CKD. This page explains more about hyperthyroidism and how to juggle both conditions.

 


Diabetes                                                                                                                               Go to page


Diabetes is relatively common in CKD cats. It is usually manageable. This page discusses the various treatments available and how to balance the dietary needs of a cat with both CKD and diabetes.

 


Pancreatitis                                                                                                                                                       Go to page


Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. It is fairly common in CKD cats, and shares some of the same symptoms. If your cat has relatively low creatinine levels but is acting sicker than you would expect, with vomiting and severe appetite loss, read this page.

 

Conditions Which May Trigger CKD:


 


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)                                                                                                       Go to page


PKD is a genetic disease in which cysts form in the kidneys. Eventually the damage leads to the development of CKD. It is most commonly found in Persian cats.

 


Dental Problems                                                                                                                Go to page


Most cats eventually develop dental problems, and many of them eventually need surgery. This page explains how to reduce the risk of dental problems, and what precautions are necessary in cats who need dental surgery.

 


Anaesthesia                                                                                                                                                      Go to page


CKD cats may sometimes need surgery, perhaps for dental procedures or to remove kidney stones. This page explains how best to minimise the risks.

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This page last updated: 16 October 2011