TANYA'S

COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO

FELINE CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

 

 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENTS

 

ON THIS PAGE:


Index of Symptoms and Treatments


 

 

HOME


Site Overview


What You Need to Know First


Alphabetical Index


Glossary


Research Participation Opportunities


Search This Site


 

WHAT IS CKD?


What Happens in CKD


Causes of CKD


How Bad is It?


Is There Any Hope?


Acute Kidney Injury


 

KEY ISSUES


Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid


Maintaining Hydration


The Importance of Phosphorus Control


All About Hypertension


All About Anaemia


All About Constipation


Potassium Imbalances


Metabolic Acidosis


Kidney Stones


 

SUPPORT


Coping with CKD


Tanya's Support Group


Success Stories


 

SYMPTOMS


Alphabetical List of Symptoms and Treatments


Fluid and Urinary  Imbalances (Dehydration, Overhydration and Urinary Issues)


Waste Product Regulation Imbalances (Vomiting, Appetite Loss, Excess Stomach Acid, Gastro-intestinal Problems, Mouth Ulcers Etc.)


Phosphorus and Calcium Imbalances


Miscellaneous Symptoms (Pain, Hiding Etc.)


 

DIAGNOSIS: WHAT DO ALL THE TEST RESULTS MEAN?


Blood Chemistry: Kidney Function, Potassium, Other Tests (ALT, Amylase, (Cholesterol, Etc.)


Calcium, Phosphorus, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism


Complete Blood Count (CBC): Red and White Blood Cells: Anaemia and Infection


Urinalysis (Urine Tests)


Other Tests: Ultrasound, Biopsy, X-rays etc.


Renomegaly (Enlarged Kidneys)


Which Tests to Have and Frequency of Testing


Factors that Affect Test Results


Normal Ranges


International and US Measuring Systems


 

TREATMENTS


Which Treatments are Essential


Fluid and Urinary Issues (Fluid Retention, Infections, Incontinence, Proteinuria)


Waste Product Regulation (Mouth Ulcers, GI Bleeding, Antioxidants, Adsorbents, Azodyl, Astro's CRF Oil)


Phosphorus, Calcium and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (Calcitriol)


Miscellaneous Treatments: Stem Cell Transplants, ACE Inhibitors - Fortekor, Steroids, Kidney Transplants)


Antibiotics and Painkillers


Holistic Treatments (Including Slippery Elm Bark)


ESAs (Aranesp, Epogen etc.) for Severe Anaemia


General Health Issues in a CKD Cat: Fleas, Arthritis, Dementia, Vaccinations


Tips on Medicating Your Cat


Obtaining Supplies Cheaply in the UK, USA and Canada


Working with Your Vet and Recordkeeping


 

DIET & NUTRITION


Nutritional Requirements of CKD Cats


The B Vitamins (Including Methylcobalamin)


What to Feed (and What to Avoid)


Persuading Your Cat to Eat


Food Data Tables


USA Canned Food Data


USA Dry Food Data


USA Cat Food Manufacturers


UK Canned Food Data


UK Dry Food Data


UK Cat Food Manufacturers


2007 Food Recall USA


 

FLUID THERAPY


Intravenous Fluids


Subcutaneous Fluids


Tips on Giving Subcutaneous Fluids


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Giving Set


How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids with a Syringe


Subcutaneous Fluids - Winning Your Vet's Support


Dialysis


 

RELATED DISEASES


Heart Problems


Hyperthyroidism


Diabetes


Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)


Pancreatitis


Dental Problems


Anaesthesia


 

OBTAINING SUPPLIES CHEAPLY


UK


USA


Canada


 

SAYING GOODBYE


The Final Hours


Other People's Losses


Coping with Your Loss


 

MISCELLANEOUS


Early Detection


Prevention


Research


Canine Kidney Disease


Other Illnesses (Cancer, Liver) and Behavioural Problems


Diese Webseite auf Deutsch


 

SITEOWNER (HELEN)


My Three CKD Cats: Tanya, Thomas and Ollie


My Multi Ailment Cat, Harpsie


Find Me on Facebook


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Home > Symptoms > Index of Symptoms and Treatments

 


Overview


  • There are many symptoms of CKD and it can be a bit bewildering at times.

  • You may panic if you see a particular symptom and worry about how serious it is.

  • This page has an alphabetical list of symptoms, together with links to the usual treatments for that problem. Some of the treatments may vary, depending upon the cause.


How to Find The Symptom You Need


 

A

B C D E F G H I

J

K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

There are many symptoms of CKD, so it can be a bit bewildering at times. You may panic if you see a particular symptom and worry about how serious it is. This page therefore contains an alphabetical list of symptoms which can arise in CKD cats (lefthand column), together with links to more information for each problem (righthand column). As you can see, almost every symptom has a possible treatment.

 

Some of the problems may have more than one cause. If you do not know the cause in your catís case, look down the list to see if there are other symptoms that seem familiar. For example, your cat may have weak back legs but you do not know the cause. However, you also know that your cat is constipated and is having trouble holding his head up. Taken together, you would probably want to ask your vet to investigate the possibility of low potassium levels first.

 

If you are not sure, check out all possible causes of a particular symptom, and remember to see your vet for a proper diagnosis.

 


A


 

Symptoms and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
 
"Absences"

High potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide - rare

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 
Alopecia (Pulling Out Hair)
Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism Treatments
 

Always Hungry

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Anaemia

 
Lack of erythropoietin (hormone) Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents
Infections or inflammation

Antibiotics (if bacterial infection)

Side effect of methimazole for hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Vitamin B deficiency       

The Importance of B Vitamins
Gastrointestinal bleeding Waste Product Regulation Imbalances

Flea infestation

Flea treatments

   
Appetite Increase

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Appetite Loss

Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Uraemia (high toxin levels) Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Anaemia All About Anaemia
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Mouth ulcers Mouth Ulcers Treatments
Excess stomach acid or nausea Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
Alteration of sense of smell Persuading Your Cat to eat - Warming the food
Dental problems Dental Problems Treatments
Fluid retention or build-up Fluid and Urinary Issues Treatments
Use of certain antibiotics Antibiotic Choices
Constipation All About Constipation
Side effect of methimazole for hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
 

Ataxia (Lack of Co-ordination/Unsteady Walk)

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Constipation

All About Constipation

 


B


 

Symptoms and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Back Leg Weakness  
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Anaemia All About Anaemia
High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Diabetic neuropathy Diabetes Treatments
Constipation All About Constipation
Stroke (Hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Arthritis Arthritis Treatments
 

Back Leg Weakness in One Leg Only

Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments

 

Bad Breath

Uraemia (high toxin levels) Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
 

Bleeding After Subcutaneous Fluids

Nicked a small vein Subcutaneous Fluids Tips
 
Bleeding Eyes
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 
Blindness
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Use of Baytril, an antibiotic (rare) Antibiotic Choices
 
Blood in Stools
Gastrointestinal bleeding Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
 
Blood in Vomit
Gastrointestinal bleeding Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
 
Blood in Urine
Urinary tract infection Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 
Body Odour
Body odour Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
 
Bony Spine
Proteinuria Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Metabolic acidosis All About Metabolic Acidosis
 
Breathlessness
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Anaemia All About Anaemia

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
 
Bumping into things (furniture, doors or walls etc.)
Blindness caused by hypertension

All About Hypertension

Blindness caused by use of Baytril (rare) Antibiotic Choices

 


C


 

Symptoms and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Cannot Lift Head  
Low potassium levels All About Potassium
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency The Importance of B Vitamins
 
Circling  
Stroke (usually caused by hypertension)

All About Hypertension

 
Coat Colour Change  
Ill health May improve as cat is stabilised
Sunbathing Untreatable unless you ban sunbathing
 
Cold Leg, Especially a Back Leg  
Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments
 
Congestion  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat
Dental problems Dental Problems Treatments
Respiratory tract infection Harpsie's Website
 
Constantly Hungry  
Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 
Constipation  
Constipation All About Constipation
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Side effect of phosphorus binders

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Side effect of iron supplements All About Anaemia
   
Coughing  

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
 
Cracked Paw Pads  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
 
Crackling Skin  

Air in the subcutaneous fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
 
Crashing  
Crashing Intravenous Fluid Therapy
 
Craving Ice or Snow  
Anaemia All About Anaemia

 


D


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Dark Stools  
Gastrointestinal bleeding Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Side effect of iron supplements All About Anaemia
 
Defecating Outside Litter Tray  
Constipation All About Constipation
 
Dehydration  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
 
Detached Retinas  
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 
Diarrhoea  
Sudden change of food Introducing New Foods
Use of potassium supplements Potassium Imbalances
Use of certain antibiotics Use of antibiotics
Overflow incontinence due to constipation All About Constipation
Overtreating constipation All About Constipation
Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Harpsie's Website
 
Dilated Pupils  
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 
Drooling  
Excess stomach acid Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Dental problems Dental Problems Treatments
Side effect of Cerenia Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
   
Dry Stools  
Constipation All About Constipation
 
Dull Coat and Dandruff
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Lack of essential fatty acids Essential Fatty Acids Supplementation
Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Protein deficiency The Downsides of Low Protein

 


E


 

Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Eating Grass  
Excess stomach acid Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
 
Eating Litter  
Anaemia All About Anaemia
Calcium Imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

 
Eating Ice or Snow  
Anaemia All About Anaemia
 
Enlarged Pupils

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 


F


 

Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Fast Breathing  
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Anaemia All About Anaemia

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

Constipation

All About Constipation

 
Fast Heart Rate  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

 

Feeling Cold  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

 

Feeling "Squishy"  

Air in the subcutaneous fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
   
Feeling Warm or Hot  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Foamy Urine  
Proteinuria Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

"Forgetting" Hind Legs  

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

 

Fur Loss  

Ill health

May improve as cat is stabilised

 

Fur Loss From Pulling Out Hair  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Fur Loss Around Neck  

Food allergies

Harpsie's Website

 


G


 

Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Grinding Teeth  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Dental problems

Dental Problems Treatments

Osteodystrophy ("rubber jaw")

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Treatments

 

Gurgling Stomach  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 


H


 

Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Hair Colour Change  
Ill health May improve as cat is stabilised
Sunbathing Untreatable unless you ban sunbathing

 

Hair Loss  

Ill health

May improve as cat is stabilised

 

Hair Loss From Pulling Out Hair  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Hair Loss Around Neck  

Food allergies

Harpsie's Website

 

Head Hanging Down  
Low potassium levels All About Potassium
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency The Importance of B Vitamins

 

Head Pressing  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 

Head Tilt  
Stroke (usually caused by hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Ear infection

Ask your vet about treatment options

 

Heavy Breathing  
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Anaemia All About Anaemia

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

 

Hiding  

Feeling ill

May improve as cat is stabilised
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
 
Hoarseness  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

Hot and/or Red Ears  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Food allergies

Harpsie's Website

 

Hovering Over Water Bowl  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

Howling  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Cognitive Dysfunction (Senility)

Cognitive dysfunction 

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat
Side effect of mirtazapine Persuading Your Cat to Eat

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

Side effect of anabolic steroids

Use of Anabolic Steroids

 

Howling, Especially at Night  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Deafness

Untreatable

 

Hunched Over Water Bowl  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Excess stomach acid Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 


I


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Inability to Hold Up Head  
Low potassium levels All About Potassium
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency The Importance of B Vitamins

 

Inappropriate Elimination  

Inappropriate elimination

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Incontinence Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Kidney infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

Constipation

All About Constipation

 

Incontinence  
Incontinence Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Inappropriate elimination Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Kidney infection Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

 

Increased Appetite  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Seizures Treatment depends upon cause - consider hypertension first

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

 

Increased Drinking  

Dehydration

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

Increased Urination  

Fluid therapy

Fluid Therapy

 

Increased Urination at Night  

Low potassium level

Potassium Imbalances

Side effect of calcitriol

Use of Calcitriol for Secondary Hyperparathyroidisml

 

Itching  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Vitamin B6 deficiency

The Importance of B Vitamins
Lack of essential fatty acids Essential Fatty Acids Supplementation
Side effect of methimazole for hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism Treatments
 
Itching (May Also Pull Out Hair)

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 


J


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Jerking  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Waste Product Regulation

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances
High potassium levels Potassium Imbalances

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Vitamin B6 deficiency

The Importance of B Vitamins

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
   
Jerking, Especially Head  

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

 

 

Jerking During Subcutaneous Fluids

Type of fluid used e.g. Normosol

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Using cold fluids

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

 

 

 


K


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Keeping Close to You

Feeling ill

May improve as cat is stabilised
   

"Knuckling"

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

 


L


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Lack of Co-ordination in the Limbs

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

 

 

Lethargy  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High potassium levels Potassium Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
   
Lethargy After Subcutaneous Fluids

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

 

 

Licking Concrete
Anaemia All About Anaemia
Calcium Imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

 

 

Licking Food, Then Walking Away

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
   
Licking Ice or Snow
Anaemia All About Anaemia
Calcium Imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

   
Limping
Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments

 

 

Lip Licking or Lipsmacking

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid

Anaemia

All About Anaemia
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid

 

 

Litter Eating  
Anaemia All About Anaemia
Calcium Imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

 

 

Litter Sticking to Feet  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

 

Loss of Appetite  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Uraemia (high toxin levels) Waste Product Regulation
High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Anaemia All About Anaemia
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Excess stomach acid or nausea Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Alteration of sense of smell Persuading Your Cat to eat - Warming the food
Dental problems Dental Problems Treatments
Fluid retention or build-up Fluid and Urinary Issues Treatments
Use of certain antibiotics Antibiotic Choices
Constipation All About Constipation
Side effect of methimazole for hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

 

 

Loss of Hair  

Ill health

May improve as cat is stabilised

 

 

Loss of Meow  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

 

Loss of Sight  
Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Use of Baytril, an antibiotic (rare) Antibiotic Choices
   
Low Temperature  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

Heart problems

Heart Problems Treatments

   

Lying in the Litterbox

 

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Constipation

All About Constipation

Seeking comfort

Seeking comfort

 


M


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Meatloaf Position  
Crashing Intravenous Fluid Therapy

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid
   

Mouth Ulcers

 

Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

 

 

Muscle Wasting, Especially in Back Legs

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

 


N


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Nasal Discharge  

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

 

 

Nausea  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Nausea

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

 

 

Nosebleeds  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 

 

Not Drinking  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Crashing Intravenous Fluid Therapy
   
Not Urinating or Reduced Urination  

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Kidney infection Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Urinary tract blockage

Other Illnesses

Kidney stones Kidney Stones Treatments
Acute kidney injury Acute Kidney Injury Treatments

Side effect of cyproheptadine

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

End stage renal disease

End stage renal disease

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

 


O


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Obsession with Water  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

 

Open Mouth Breathing  

Fluid retentin/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

 


P


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Pacing  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Pain

Use of Painkillers

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

Side effect of mirtazapine

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

 

 

Pale Nose, Gums or Eyelids  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

 

 

Pawing at the Mouth  
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Dental problems

Dental Problem Treatments

 

 

Plantigrade Stance  

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Diabetic neuropathy

Diabetic Treatments

   
Playing with Water Bowl  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
   
Pooping Outside the Litter Tray  
Constipation All About Constipation

 

 

Pulling Out Hair  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

 

Purring  

Contentment

Just Enjoy!

Pain or discomfort

Use of Painkillers

 


R


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Red and/or Hot Ears  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Food allergies

Harpsie's Website
   
Reduced Urination  

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Kidney infection Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Urinary tract blockage

Other Illnesses

Kidney stones Kidney Stones Treatments
Acute kidney injury Acute Kidney Injury Treatments

Side effect of cyproheptadine

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

End stage renal disease

End stage renal disease

 

 

Restlessness  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Pain

Use of Painkillers

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach acid

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

Side effect of mirtazapine

Persuading Your Cat to Eat

 

 

Retinal Changes  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

 

 

"Rubber Jaw"  

Osteodystrophy

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Treatments

 

 

Runny Eyes  

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

Dental problems

Dental Problem Treatments

 


S


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Seeking Out Warm Places  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

 

 

Seeking Out Cool Places  

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

 

 

Seizures  

High potassium levels

All About Potassium

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

Use of Advantage for fleas

Flea Treatments

 

 

Shaking  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Waste Product Regulation

Low potassium levels

All About Potassium
High potassium levels All About Potassium

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Vitamin B6 deficiency

The Importance of B Vitamins

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
   
Shaking, Especially Head  

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

   
Shaking During Subcutaneous Fluids

Type of fluid used e.g. Normosol

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Using cold fluids

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

 

 

Sitting Hunched Up  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Crashing Intravenous Fluid Therapy
   
Sitting Up/Reluctance to Lie Down  

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

 

 

Skin Crackling  

Air in the subcutaneous fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

 

 

Sneezing  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Dental problems

Dental Problem Treatments

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat
Respiratory tract infection Harpsie's Website

 

 

Sniffing Food, Then Walking Away  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

 

 

"Spaced Out"  

High potassium levels

All About High Potassium

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 

 

"Squishy" Feeling

 

Air in the subcutaneous fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
   
Staring into Space  

High potassium levels

All About High Potassium

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

   
Stiff Neck  
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency The Importance of B Vitamins

 

 

Stilted Gait in the Front Legs  

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

 

 

Stroke  

Stroke (usually caused by hypertension)

All About Hypertension

 

 

Stuffy Nose  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Dental problems

Dental Problem Treatments

Side effect of cyproheptadine (longterm use)

Persuading Your Cat to Eat
Respiratory tract infection Harpsie's Website

 

 

Stumbling, Feet Crossing Over  

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

 

 

Sunken Eyes  
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

 

 

Swollen Legs, Face or Abdomen  

Air in the subcutaneous fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips
Proteinuria Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments
Nephrotic syndrome Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
   
Swollen Leg (One)  

Subcutaneous fluids settling in leg

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips
 

T


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Teeth Grinding  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Dental problems

Dental Problem Treatments

Osteodystrophy ("rubber jaw")

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Treatments

 

 

Trembling  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Waste Product Regulation

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High potassium levels Potassium Imbalances

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Vitamin B6 deficiency

The Importance of B Vitamins

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
   
Trembling, Especially Head  

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

   

Trembling During Subcutaneous Fluids

Type of fluid used e.g. Normosol

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Using cold fluids

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

 

 

Trouble Breathing  
Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Anaemia All About Anaemia

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
   
Trouble Holding Up Head  
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) deficiency The Importance of B Vitamins

 

 

Trouble Walking  
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Anaemia All About Anaemia
High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Diabetic neuropathy Diabetes Treatments
Constipation All About Constipation
Stroke (Hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Arthritis Arthritis Treatments

 

 

Back Leg Weakness in One Leg Only

Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments

 

 

Twitching  

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Waste Product Regulation

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High potassium levels Potassium Imbalances

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Vitamin B6 deficiency

The Importance of B Vitamins

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
   
Twitching, Especially Head  

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

 

 

Twitching During Subcutaneous Fluids

Type of fluid used e.g. Normosol

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Using cold fluids

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

 

 

 


U


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Uneven Pupils  

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

   
Ungainly Walk  

Constipation

All About Constipation

   
Urinary Tract Infections  

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
   
Urinating Outside the Litter Tray  

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
   
Urinating in Inappropriate Places  

Inappropriate elimination

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems
Incontinence Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Kidney infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

Constipation

All About Constipation

 


V


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Visiting Litter Tray More Often  

Urinary tract infection

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Problems

 

 

Vomiting  

Vomiting

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Use of certain antibiotics Antibiotic Choices
Dehydration Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

 

 

Vomiting After Drinking  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 

 

Vomiting After Subcutaneous Fluids

Type of fluid used e.g. Normosol

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

 

 

Vomiting Before, During or After Using the Litter Tray

Constipation

All About Constipation

 

 

Vomiting Blood  
Gastrointestinal bleeding Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

 

 

Vomiting Clear Foam  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid
   
Vomiting "Coffee Grains"

 

Gastrointestinal bleeding Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances
Mouth ulcers Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

 

 

Vomiting White Foam  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 

 

 


W


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Walking Into Things (Furniture, Doors, Walls etc.)
Blindness (usually caused by hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Blindness (use of Baytril, an antibiotic (rare) Antibiotic Choices
 

 

Walking on Hocks  

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Diabetic neuropathy

Diabetic Treatments

 

 

Weakness  

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

Lack of food

Importance of Weight and Body Condition

   

Weakness in Back Legs

 

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Anaemia

Anaemia Treatments

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Diabetic neuropathy Diabetes Treatments
Constipation All About Constipation
Stroke (usually caused by hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Arthritis Arthritis Treatments
   

Weakness in One Back Leg Only

Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments

 

 

Weight Gain  

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments

Air in the fluids line

Subcutaneous Fluids Tips

Fluid retention/build-up

Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Issues
Heart problems Congestive Heart Failure Treatments
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis Treatments

 

 

Weight Loss  
Proteinuria Regulation of Fluid and Urinary Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Diabetes

Diabetes Treatments

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

 

 

Wheezing  

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

 

 

Wobbliness  

Low potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Anaemia

All About Anaemia

Lack of food

Importance of Weight and Body Condition

 

 

Wobbliness in Back Legs  
Low potassium levels Potassium Imbalances
Anaemia All About Anaemia
High phosphorus levels

The Importance of Phosphorus Control

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Diabetic neuropathy Diabetes Treatments
Constipation All About Constipation
Stroke (Hypertension)

All About Hypertension

Arthritis Arthritis Treatments
   

Wobbliness in One Back Leg Only

Arterial thromboembolism (Heart problem) Arterial Thromboembolism Treatments
 

 

 


Y


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
Yawning  

Excess stomach acid

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 

 

Yellow or Orange Urine  

Use of B Vitamin Complex

The Importance of B Vitamins

 

 


Z


Symptom and Possible Causes More Information and Possible Treatments
   
"Zoning Out"  

High potassium levels

Potassium Imbalances

Hypertension

All About Hypertension

Calcium imbalances

Regulation of Minerals

Uraemia (high toxin levels)

Regulation of Waste Product Imbalances

Metabolic acidosis

All About Metabolic Acidosis

Side effect of metoclopramide (rare)

Nausea, Vomiting, Appetite Loss and Excess Stomach Acid

 

     

 

 

 

 

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This page last updated: 31 December 2012

Links on this page last checked: 31 December 2012